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  • Computer Component - Full Form and Unit of Memory

    By Adhyan Guruji → Friday, September 25, 2020

     

    Full Forms

     

    S.no

    Short Name

    Full Name

    1

    ALU

    Arithmetic logic unit

    2

    ASCII

    American standard code for information interchange

    3

    AT

    Advance technology

    4

    ATX

    Advance technology extended

    5

    BIOS

    Basic input output system

    6

    CD

    Compact disk

    7

    CMOS

    Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

    8

    Computer

    Common operating machine purposely used for technological and education  research

    9

    CPU

    Central Processing Unit

    10

    CRR

    Cash reserve ratio

    11

    CTS

    Cheque Transaction System

    12

    DDR

    Double data rate

    13

    DOS

    Disk operating system

    14

    DSL

    Digital subscriber line

    15

    DVD

    Digital versatile disk

    16

    DVI

    Digital visual interface

    17

    EPFO

    Employee provident fund organization

    18

    EPROM

    Erasable programmable read only memory

    19

    Fat

    File allocation table

    20

    FDD

    Floppy disk drive

    21

    FSB

    Front Side bus

    22

    GB

    Giga byte

    23

    GHz

    Gigahertz

    24

    GOOGLE

    Global organization of oriented group language of earth

    25

    GPS

    Global positioning system

    26

    GST

    Goods Service Tax

    27

    HDD

    Hard disk drive

    28

    HGA

    Hercules graphic adapter

    29

    HTTP

    Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

    30

    IBM

    International business machines corporation

    31

    IFSC

    Indian financial system code

    32

    IP

    Internet protocol

    33

    ISO

    International standards organization

    34

    JPEG

    Joint photo expert group

    35

    KB

    Kilo byte

    36

    LAN

    Local area network

    37

    LCD

    Liquid crystal display

    38

    LED

    Light Emitting diode

    39

    Li-on

    Lithium - ion

    40

    LOGO

    Language of graphic oriented

    41

    MAN

    Main area network

    42

    MB

    Mega Byte

    43

    Modem

    Modulator/Demodulator

    44

    NEFT

    National electronic fund transfer

    45

    OCR

    Optical character recognition

    46

    OMR

    Optical mark recognition

    47

    OS

    Operating system

    48

    PC

    Personal computer

    49

    PS2

    Personal system 2 connector

    50

    Ram

    Random access memory

    51

    RMA

    Return material authorization

    52

    ROM

    Read only memory

    53

    SMPS

    Switch mode power supply

    54

    SQL

    Structured Query Language

    55

    TB

    Tera byte

    56

    TCP

    Transmission control protocol

    57

    UPS

    Uninterruptable power supply 

    58

    URL

    Universal Resource locator

    59

    USB

    Universal serial bus

    60

    VGA

    Video graphic array

    61

    VIRUS

    Vital information resource under seize

    62

    VPN

    Virtual private network

    63

    WAN

    Wide area network

    64

    WIFI

    Wireless fidelity

    65

    WINDOW

    Wide interactive network development for Office work solution

    66

    WWW

    World wide web

    67

    XP

    eXPerience

    68

    ZIP

    Zigzag inline package

    69

    PNG

    Portable network graphics

    70

    PDF

    Portable document format

    71

    MPEG

    Motion picture expert group file

    72

    HTML

    Hypertext Markup Language

    73

    GIF

    Graphics interchange format

    74

    EXE

    Executable file

    75

    CSS

    Cascading style sheet



    Unit of Memory

    The memory unit is the amount of data that is stores in the storage unit.

    ·         BIT

    A binary digit is logical 0 and 1 called BIT.

     

    ·         Nibble

    A group of 4 Bit is called Nibble.

     

    ·         Byte

    A Group of 8 BIT or 2 Nibble is called Byte. A Byte represent Data (Character Value/number value)

     

    Above unit is smaller units but there is another unit of memory which store higher storage unit as describe below.

     

    ·         KB (KiloByte)

    1 KB     =          1024 Bytes

     

    ·         MB (MegaByte)

    1 MB   =          1024 Kilo Bytes

     

    ·         GB (Giga  Byte)

    1 GB    =          1024 Mega Bytes

     

    ·         TB (Tera Byte)

    1 TB     =          1024 Giga Bytes

     

    ·         PB (Peta Byte)

    1 PB     =          1024 Tera Bytes

     

    ·         EB (Exa Byte)

    1 EB     =          1024 Peta Bytes

     

    ·         ZB (Zetta Byte)

    1 ZB     =          1024 Exa Bytes

     

    ·         YB (Yotta Byte)

    1 YB     =          1024 Zetta Bytes

     

    ·         BB (Bronto Byte)

    1 BB                 =          1024 Yotta Bytes

     

    ·         Geop Byte

    1 Geop Byte    =          1024 Bronto Bytes

     

    ·         Sagan Byte

    1 Sagan Byte   =          1024 Geop Bytes